SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
Access to water and sanitation are recognised by the United Nations as human rights, reflecting the fundamental nature of these basics in every person’s life. Lack of access to safe, sufficient and affordable water, sanitation and hygiene facilities has a devastating effect on the health, dignity and prosperity of billions of people, and has significant consequences for the realization of other human rights. This Guide gives an overview of the legal instruments relevant to the topics of access to water and sanitation, as well as highlighting the legislation and policies adopted by regional organisations and national governments, and relevant cases and proceedings related to access to water and sanitation.
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Top three actions lawyers can take
Lawyers can enhance their understanding of WASH (water, sanitation, and hygiene) and, IWRM, along with the policy and programmatic efforts to promote them at local, national, regional, and international levels.
Lawyers advising public authorities or companies active in the water or waste management sectors can familiarise themselves with SDG 6 and consider how the law can be used to enhance positive outcomes and reduce potentially negative impacts on SDG 6.
The global legal community can raise awareness and provide trainings on legal frameworks that govern the rights to water and sanitation, support the drafting of legislation, and assist civil society organisations in holding authorities accountable.